Construction of building C (students P-Z) 


 Prof. Erminia Attaianese





Learning aims

The course of Construction of Building is aimed at providing students with the essential elements for control of the technological aspects of architectural design. It illustrates the complexity of the entire building process, from the identification stage of the needs of direct and indirect users of the buildings until their achievement. The Architectural Technology is presented as the core of basic knowledge for the proper planning of the building lifecycle, highlighting its key role in the design, use, maintenance / management and disposal of buildings.


The  course provides students the basic knowledge and tools to manage the technical dimension of the architectural project through a systemic approach, for the understanding  of  construction processes and their logical and physical elements which, distinct and organized, form the building. Fundamentals of technological culture applied to building design are presented, particularly regarding to: materials and   transformation processes; the building as a system, a product and a process; the relationship between the building and the environment; and the recent challenge of  the architectural design, such as the management (design for building life cycle), sustainability (design for optimizing the environmental, financial and social resources), the use value (design so that the building effectively supports the activities of its users).


Outlines of basic static systems
$    What is static system
        Heavy and light systems
        The Architrave and the Trilite
$      The Arch and the Vault
$      The frame structure
$      The reticular structure
$      The marquee structure
The construction systems
$     What is the construction system
$      Construction for the right position or assembly
$      Construction through in-situ concrete
$      Continuous systems and batch systems
$      Traditional and traditional- evolved building systems
$      Prefabricated systems
Materials and construction techniques
$      Raw materials, materials, semi-finished products
$      The material properties: mechanical, physical and chemical properties, the structure of materials
$      Stone: mechanical, physical and chemical properties, the structure .Typologies of  rocks.
$      The Brick: mechanical properties and physicochemical: mechanical resistance, fragility, power of absorption and permeability; freezing; thermal insulation; fire resistance.
$      The mortar , the brick and stone: the construction technique of the masonry
$      Wood: mechanical and physical-chemical: (...). The wood products.
$      The construction in wood: evolution, half-timbered systems, balloon frame.
$      Concrete: types of concrete; the mixture: the aggregates, water, additives, quantities and relations; mechanical and physic-chemical properties of concrete and reinforced concrete: (...); the laying of the concrete work, the armor, the degradation; the   prestressed concrete
$      The metals: iron, cast iron, steels. steel and their production types; mechanical, physical and chemical; rolled and profiled, nailed and bolted joints, welded joints.
$      The construction in  steel
The building in the systemic logic
$      The performance approach to the building design: needs, requirements and performance.
$      The building system: technological and environmental system to system
$      The requirements of buildings:  safety , health, use, management, integration, environmental protection, appearance
$      The breakdown of the building system
$      Structure: foundation
$      Vertical elevation structures
$      Horizontal elevation structures
$      Closures and building envelope
$      Vertical closures
$      Horizontal closures
$      Partitions

The building process and the regulatory system for the construction industry

Principle of building sustainability

Building life-cycle.

Didactic aspects

The course consists of theory lessons, with application examples, organized by subject, and seminars. Attendance is compulsory with detection of the number attending.

Learning assessment completion

The exam consists of an interview on the topics coveredduring the course. The final judgment is based on the verification of knowledge and level of detail of the topics covered in the lessons and in basic bibliography.


The course adopts the following reference text, but in the lectures will be provided supplementary or additional information with specific references.

A. Campioli, M. Lavagna, Tecniche e archittetura, CittàStudi, Milano, 2013.