Fundamental principles of urban planning B (students M-Z)


Prof. Emanuela Coppola





Objectives of the course

The course of Fundamentals of Urbanism is aimed to provide at students who attend the second year of the Degree in Architecture Sciences, a cultural reference base on the major issues of urban planning as a discipline of connection between different sciences.

The course aims to guide students to the understanding of urbanization processes in contemporary times, to the interpretation of settlement forms, to the identification of innovations in the urban plan and to the understanding of current settlement phenomena.

The purpose is to provide at students - always starting from the historical knowledge of the territory - some fundamental principles and tools to interpretation the evolution of the city and the territory.


Didactic articulation

The course has a part of lessons about Urban Planning Theory and partly by a practical module that show students some urban plans and where the students measure themselves with exercises of territorial analysis and urban planning




The traditional spatial models of historical cities

The crisis of the European industrial city and the origins of modern urban planning

The plan of Paris and the Grand Travaux

The Vienna plan.

The three fathers of contemporary planning: Cerdà, Geddes and Howard

Barcellona’ s plan: the grid as an application of the principle of fairness

Patrick Geddes and the sociological approach to planning

The garden city of Howard

The Greater London plan of Abercrombie

The twentieth century manuals.

Planning in Italy

The question of historical centers

The scientific method of Astengo

The Olivetti’s Community Movement 

The concept of zoning in planning and national planning law

DI 1444/68; the concept of urban planning standards

Planning before 1942. The reform of Title V of the Constitution and the new plan

The 3 generations of plans

Planning and rationality. Limits to rationality and strategic model

Elements of planning of the development  and the negotiated programms of the nineties

The environmental paradigm of planning

Land consumption. The concept of eco-city and the role of green infrastructures

Indicators of urban quality. The "Green cities" and the "capital cities"


Evaluation methods

The student responds to three topics (two of the theory of urban planning - the first of which is chosen) and a technical-practical verification of territorial analysis and comprension of a plan


Reference bibliography

Gaeta L., Janin Rivolin U., Mazza L., Governo del territorio e pianificazione spaziale, Città Studi Edizioni, 2013

Further bibliographical references and supplementary teaching materials will be provided by the teacher before each lesson