History of Architecture 2 A (students A-L)

Prof. Alessandro Castagnaro




Course description

History and Historiography : definitions and differences ; Meaning and Value of Architecture Definition and meaning of context ; Periodization and code - style, The new concept space-time : continuity and discontinuity; History historiography, the cornerstones of historiography.

The value of the classic as invariant
Relationship between politics and architecture : Rome fulcrum of power and urban renewal ; Bramante in Rome : the task of the project and construction of St. Peter's, the temple of San Pietro in Montorio, Palazzo Caprini, The symbolism of the central plan ; Resume classicism and modernity of the Renaissance, Michelangelo Buonarroti : The interior / exterior relationship. the Laurentian Library in Florence and Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, Critics and historians : the treatise, by Leon Battista Alberti, Andrea Palladio, to Giorgio Vasari, The Crisis of the Renaissance and Mannerism ; Variations and provocation : the exception to the rule in Mannerism

The industrial revolution and the architecture of eclecticism
The Industrial Revolution and technological innovation : the role of the technician ; eclecticism and Revivals : The Neo-Gothic, the neo-Renaissance, Neoclassicism, New materials : the architecture of iron and glass ; New types : bridges, stations, markets, skyscrapers, Expos, the Crystal Palace (Joseph Paxton ), the University of Chicago (William Le Baron Jenney, Henry Richardson, Louis Sullivan) ; urbanism : the public housing and public works.

Architecture of art nouveau
The variants Europe: Belgium, France, Great Britain, Germany, Spain, Italy, Austria. Authors and works (Victor Horta, Hector Guimard, Charles Rennie Mackintosh and the Glasgow School, the Deutscher Werkbund, Catalan Modernism, the Viennese Secession, the Floral).

The modern movement
Birth and development ; Reinforced concrete ; The avant-garde art : Impressionism, Cubism, Expressionism, Dadaism, Purism, Neo, Futurism, Abstraction, the Pure Visibility ( Einfühlung ). The protorationalism and architectural Expressionism : authors and works (Peter Behrens, Auguste Perret, Tony Garnier, Adolf Loos, Josef Hoffmann, Bruno Taut, Eric Mendelsohn ) ; Rationalism, The minimum accommodation ( Existezminimum ) and building types : line, townhouses and landing. Authors and works: The Bauhaus School, The great masters of Rationalism : Walter Gropius, Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe ; Italian Rationalism and architecture in Italy between the two world wars. E.N. Rogers, L.Cosenza, G.Ponti, C.Scarpa, BBPR, A.Libera, The Organic Architecture, Frank Lloyd Wright and Alvar Aalto. - Neo-realism and neo-Liberty.

Italian architecture from '30 to '60
Italian architecture from 1930 to 1960 in the work of Carlo Scarpa, Figini and Pollini, BBPR, Mario Ridolfi, L.Quaroni, Gabetti and Isola, Gregotti, Giovanni Michelucci, Franco Albini.

The architecture of high-tech
Centre Pompidou in Paris. E.Nathan Rogers and Renzo Piano.
The new classicism


Articulation of lessons
The course will be divided into lectures and speeches front descriptive, with the help of Power Point, will address analytical and detailed readings of the major works.
During the course you will screen footage of some of the leading teachers from the Modern Movement : Mies van der Rohe, Alvar Aalto, Carlo Scarpa, Norman Foster, Frank Gehry and others.
At the end of the course will be organized a study tour at one of the major European capitals in order to be able to analyze works of architecture and urban transformations among the most contemporary.
The trip, usual, takes place in the last week of the course and has a duration of 4-5 days. The goal will be defined as part of the first lessons.


A. Castagnaro, Verso l’architettura contemporanea, Paparo Edizioni, Napoli, 2013
R. De Fusco, Storia dell’architettura contemporanea, Laterza, Roma Bari, 2007
C. de Seta, L’architettura italiana fra le due guerre, Laterza, 1972
A. Castagnaro, August Schmarsow dalla critica d'arte contemporanea alla Raumgestaltung, ProgeditEditore,Bari,2017
Suggested books
N. Pevsner, I pionieri del Movimento Moderno, Milano 1936
S. Giedion, Spazio, tempo, architettura, Hoepli, Milano 1941
M. Tafuri – F. Dal Co, Architettura contemporanea, Electa, Milano, 1976
D. Watkin, Storia dell’architettura occidentale, Zanichelli, Bologna, (1986)
K. Frempton, Storia dell’architettura moderna. Zanichelli Bologna (1997)
C. De Seta, La cultura architettonica in Italia tra le due guerre, Electa Napoli 1998