Architectural Design Studio 1A (students A-D)

Prof. Adelina Picone




Syllabus (Learning aims)
The course aims is to introduce the student to the experimentation of the phases that make up the design process in architecture. Tending to the decoding procedures and praxis of the construction process, the course consists in a first design experience with the master plan of a not complex building.
Course description
The architectural project is understood as the result of a logical path, during which they are rationally made ​​a series of choices, ordered by a theory. A body of theoretical lessons will deepen the thematic aspects, penetrating in the articulation of multiple knowledge of which substantiates the project: the relationship with history, the relationship with the environment, investigated in the dual form of nature and urban dimension, the relationship with the type, with the form - function, relations with the technological and engineering aspects, to the technical dimensions - structural design, seen in particular in relation to the formal conception.
It offers to the student the acquisition of basic knowledge, especially through the reading of reference architectures. The architectures are at the core of the cognitive process, it is, in fact, through the works that were exhibited techniques, found the theories and methodologies explained. In this way, the issues pertaining to the methodological and theoretical field will be the same as those of the sphere analytical and instrumental, as it takes place in the practice of project.
Articulation of lessons
The course consists of lectures and project activities to be carried out in the classroom. The lectures will address two main topics: the techniques of making, with the support of the manuals, and the composition of the form in relation to the interdisciplinary aspects. The project activity will be conducted in the form of exercises on the theme of the house. The first exercise will consist of thematic reading of reference architectures, using the redesign as a primary tool. The choice of the reference architectures will be based on the identification of a principle of composition and organization of a typological data. The analysis will tend to trace the "hidden structure" be clearly seen in a critical preparation for the design phase. The student will draw two drawings ( A3 ) where they will be redesigned ( in a scale of 1:100 or 1:200 ) plants of two houses. The goal is to achieve a critical comparison between the two houses, through diagrams and writings, which will cover the typological aspects, distribution, composition, geometric and dimensional. The second exercise, which will lead to the design of a series of single-family houses detached aggregate, will start from a reflection on the compositional principles of the reference projects studied. The exercise involves the preparation of a draft atopic returning to the laboratory the following year the deepening of the relationship with the context. The project will be read at different scales : the block ( 1:500 ), the building ( 1:200 ), the cell housing (1:50), by identifying themes that characterize them from time to time, dedicating one or more drawings A1 , at each scale. The exercise requires the preparation of all drawings necessary to describe the project : volumes, plants at different altitudes, elevations and sections, three-dimensional representation and models of the building and of the cell.
The lectures and tutorials will design illustrated, annotated and documented through specific teaching materials and bibliographies. An important role will the consultation of monographs on the work of the masters of the Modern Movement. The architecture of the Masters will be the main text of bibliographic reference of the course.
This is the bibliography :
Le Corbusier, Verso una architettura, Longanesi, Milano 1989;
A. Monestiroli, La metopa e il triglifo, Laterza, Roma-Bari 2002;
F. Purini, Comporre l'architettura, Laterza, Bari 2000;
L. Quaroni, Progettare un edificio, Mazzotta, Milano 1977;
P. Valéry, Eupalinos o l'Architetto, in "Tre dialoghi", Einaudi, Torino 1990.